India is a vast country. For years it has been reeling under poverty and illiteracy. The advent of liberalism and awareness of education has seen a marked difference in today's youth of India. India is slowly blossoming into a self-reliant and more confident country!
But, I have some reservations about the intentions of the Government of India who on one hand is trying to irradicate illiteracy and on the other side making education almost out of reach of the common man. Why so? Education field has almost become a big business now-a-days. This will only mean that the rich getting richer and the poor getting poorer. The middle class being sqeezed in between!! However, keeping all this politics aside, my main intention of writing this blog is to create an awareness of the Pre University Education in India and particularly in Karnataka.
Education in India has a history stretching back to the ancient urban centres of learning at Taxila and Nalanda. The Nalanda University was the oldest university-system of education in the world. Western education became ingrained into Indian society with the establishment of the British Raj.
Education in India falls under the control of both the Union Government and the states, with some responsibilities lying with the Union and the states having autonomy for others. The various articles of the Indian Constitution provide for education as a fundamental right. Most universities in India are Union or State Government controlled.
Indian Structure of Education: There are broadly four stages of school education in India, namely primary, upper primary, secondary and higher secondary(or high school). Overall, schooling lasts 12 years, following the "10+2 pattern".
The educational structure in India is generally referred to as the Ten + Two + Three (10+2+3) pattern. The first ten years provide undifferentiated general education for all students. The +2 stage, also known as the higher secondary or senior secondary, provides for differentiation into academic and vocational streams and marks the end of school education. In +3 stage, which involves college education, the student goes for higher studies in his chosen field of subject.
In India, the main types of schools are those controlled by:
- The state government boards like SSLC. Here a vast majority of Indian school-children are enrolled,
- The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) board,
- The Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE) board,
- National Open School and "International schools" - These schools mimic the schools in the West in pattern and syllabi and are considerably more expensive than regular schools.
The exams conducted have the syllabus of anyone of the above-mentioned Councils or Boards.
The Department of Pre-University Education is an Independent department dealing with First year and Second year Pre-University classes (11th and 12th standards). This is the distinctive feature of the State. All the colleges offering Pre-University Education come under the control of Department of Pre-University Education.
In India the 10+2 level exams are conducted in different names by different boards of school education and in the state of Karnataka, 10+2 examinations are popularly known as Pre-University examinations. The authority conducting this crucial Pre-University Examinations in Karnataka is "Karnataka Board of the Pre-University Education".
I hope my blog on Pre University Education has been useful to all my readers. Please do follow my page on Facebook by clicking here: PRE UNIVERSITY EDUCATION